As we can see many things concerning the game changed, but the main rules remains the same. The aim of each team consisting of five players is to simply win by gaining more points. And to do that one team has to throw a ball through opponents’ basket. The number of points scored for such a throw depends on the distance from which the player shoot. If he was inside the semicircle, which is close to the basket, two points are given. In other situation, when the distance is longer the player may score three points. After the first half of the game teams have to exchange the baskets. The playing time in basketball depends on the league. In professional ones it last forty or forty eight minutes which are divided into quarters. In college it’s forty minutes in two halves and in high school the playing time is thirty two minutes. Of course, the referees are present on the basketball court to control the game. Usually there are three of them.
The popularity of basketball, especially in the USA and Europe, grew very fast and today it attracts huge audience. It is now played in schools and colleges and it is consider as great pastime or hobby. However, the biggest emotions are stirred up by the professional games under two major basketball associations. And these are The International Basketball Federation (FIBA) and The National Basketball Federation (NBA). The second one is known all over the world even though it is a professional league just in North America. But thanks to the best players in the world who were the members of teams included in NBA, the popularity of it became incredible. The names of the biggest stars of this sport are known even by people who do not have interest in basketball. Michael Jordan, Magic Johnson, Shaquille O’Neil or Kobe Bryant were not only great players but also a product for teams’ sponsors. So as it seems today basketball is not only an attractive sport but also a big business.